Skip to main content

Person looking at papers and a laptop looking a bit worried. Text: Student loan payments to resume in October. According to the Department of Education, federal student loan payments will resume in October 2023, with interest schedules to start accruing in September. Article title: U.S. Supreme Court Blocks Student Loan Cancellation, Payments to Resume Three important developments occurred recently in the world of federal student loans: the U.S. Supreme Court blocked an executive order offering loan cancellation to certain borrowers; Congress set an expiration date for the payment moratorium that has been in effect since March 2020; and new student loan interest rates have been set for the 2023–2024 school year. Here are the details.

Loan cancellation blocked

In August 2022, President Biden signed an executive order cancelling up to $10,000 of federal student loan debt ($20,000 for Pell Grant recipients) for borrowers with incomes below certain limits, a policy directive that made its way to the U.S. Supreme Court.1 On June 30, 2023, the Court announced its decision striking down that order, ruling that the Biden administration had overstepped its authority and that clear congressional authorization was required for mass debt cancellation.2 Nearly 26 million borrowers had applied under the order to have some of their debt erased.3

Payment pause ending

Also in June, as part of an agreement on the debt ceiling, Congress ordered an end to the student loan payment moratorium that has been in effect since the start of the pandemic in March 2020.4 The Department of Education subsequently clarified that federal student loan payments will resume beginning in October 2023, with interest scheduled to resume accruing in September.5

The resumption of monthly student loan payments after three-and-a-half years of pauses is likely to be a sobering reality for the millions of borrowers with student debt. According to the Education Department, 30 million borrowers deferred their federal loans during the payment moratorium, while about 300,000 kept paying.6

Higher interest rates for 2023–2024

Turning to new student loans, borrowing for college and graduate school will cost more for students and parents for the 2023–2024 academic year. Every May, interest rates on federal student loans are recalculated for the upcoming school year. The rates are determined by combining the yield on the 10-year U.S. Treasury note with an extra fixed amount set by Congress.

Based on this calculation, interest rates on federal student loans are set to increase for the 2023–2024 school year by about half a percent — the third straight year of increases.  The rates apply to new federal student loans issued July 1, 2023, through June 30, 2024.7 The interest rate is  fixed for the life of the loan.

Continued inflation has played a part in the higher rates, similar to last year. The Federal Reserve has initiated a rapid series of hikes in the federal funds rate since last May, and that has increased the yield on the 10-year Treasury note, which in turn has led to higher student loan interest rates. Higher interest rates mean paying off loans will cost more.

Chart of interest rates and borrowing limits. Direct Loans: Undergraduate Students (Subsidized and Unsubsidized) Interest 2023-2024: 5.50% 4.99% Available to: Undergraduate students only Subsidized loans require financial need as determined by the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA); unsubsidized loans are available to any student Borrowing limits: For dependent undergraduates: 1st year: $5,500 (max $3,500 subsidized) 2nd year: $6,500 (max $4,500 subsidized) 3rd, 4th, 5th year: $7,500 (max $5,500 subsidized) Max: $31,000 (max $23,000 subsidized) Direct Loans: Graduate Students (Unsubsidized) Interest 2023-2024:7.05% 2022-2023:6.54% Available to:Graduate and professional students All students are eligible regardless of financial need. Borrowing limits: $20,500 per year; max $138,500 Direct PLUS Loans: Parents and Graduate Students (Unsubsidized) Interest 2023-2024:8.05% 2022-2023:7.54% Available to: Parents of dependent undergraduate students and graduate and professional students Borrowing limits: Total cost of education, minus any other aid received by student or parent Article title: U.S. Supreme Court Blocks Student Loan Cancellation, Payments to Resume Scarlet Oak Financial Services can be reached at 800.871.1219 or contact us here.  Click here to sign up for our weekly newsletter with the latest economic news.



1) White House Fact Sheet, August 24, 2022

2-3, 6)  The New York Times, June 30, 2023

4) Fiscal Responsibility Act of 2023

5, 7) U.S. Department of Education, 2023


Broadridge Investor Communication Solutions, Inc. prepared this material for use by Scarlet Oak Financial Services.

Broadridge Investor Communication Solutions, Inc. does not provide investment, tax, legal, or retirement advice or recommendations. The information presented here is not specific to any individual’s personal circumstances. To the extent that this material concerns tax matters, it is not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, by a taxpayer for the purpose of avoiding penalties that may be imposed by law. Each taxpayer should seek independent advice from a tax professional based on individual circumstances. Scarlet Oak Financial Services provide these materials for general information and educational purposes based upon publicly available information from sources believed to be reliable — we cannot assure the accuracy or completeness of these materials. The information in these materials may change at any time and without notice.