Market Week: August 21, 2023
Investors reacted to the possibility of the Fed continuing to hike interest rates, causing stock prices to retreat along with gold prices. The 10-year Treasury yield reached a 15-year high. Retail sales surged in July, while U.S. import prices increased due to higher fuel prices. The number of residential building permits issued in July increased for single-family housing but fell for housing projects with five units or more. Industrial production rose 1% in July, and the national average retail price for regular gasoline increased slightly. The Eye on the Week Ahead includes data on the housing sector for July and insight from the Federal Reserve’s Economic Symposium in Jackson Hole.
The Markets (as of market close August 18, 2023)
After another week of strong economic data, investors seemed to accept that the Fed may not be done lifting interest rates after all and that Wall Street might have started celebrating the end of the rate-hike cycle too soon. Each of the benchmark indexes listed here dropped more than 2% by the end of the week, as did crude oil prices. Gold prices also fell, while the dollar advanced. Yields on 10-year Treasuries continued their upward march, reaching 15-year highs.
Tech stocks rebounded last Monday, pushing the Nasdaq up 1.1%. The S&P 500 advanced 0.6%, and the Dow inched up 0.1%. The Russell 2000 ticked down 0.2% while the Global Dow declined 0.4%, likely impacted by the growing level of concern about China’s troubled real estate market. The 10-year Treasury yield ended the day higher at 4.18%. Crude oil and gold prices dipped, but the U.S. dollar was little changed.
Equities fell across the board on Tuesday, with each of the benchmark indexes and all 11 of the S&P market sectors suffering losses. The Russell 2000 declined 1.3%, followed by the S&P 500 (-1.2%), the Nasdaq (-1.1%), the Dow (-1.0%), and the Global Dow (-1.0%). It was the first day since May that the Dow, S&P 500, and Nasdaq all fell more than 1%. A strong retail sales report helped drive up the 10-year Treasury yield to 4.22%. Crude oil and gold prices fell, and the dollar was flat.
Stock prices continued their retreat last Wednesday, after the minutes from the most recent Fed meeting revealed that committee members are divided on whether more interest rate hikes will be needed to knock down inflation. The Russell 2000 declined 1.3%, followed by the Nasdaq (-1.2%), the Global Dow (-1.0%), and the S&P 500 (-0.8%). The Dow dipped 0.5%. Wall Street also fretted over the rising 10-year Treasury yield, which ended the day at a 15-year high of 4.26%. Oil and gold prices fell again, but the dollar rose.
On Thursday, investors watched stock prices tumble for the third day in a row. The tech-heavy Nasdaq and small-cap stocks that make up the Russell 2000 dropped 1.2%, while the S&P 500 and the Dow declined 0.8%, and the Global Dow lost 0.7%. Energy was the only sector that did not post a loss. The government bond market extended its worrisome sell off, pushing up the yield on 10-year Treasuries by 5 basis points to 4.31%, the highest level since 2007. Crude oil prices advanced to $80.06 per barrel after a three-day drop, gold prices fell, and the dollar was unchanged.
Last Friday, stocks capped off a volatile week with mixed returns. Energy and defensive sectors such as utilities and consumer staples outperformed, while communication services saw the steepest declines. The Russell 2000 posted a modest gain of 0.5%, and the Dow edged up less than 0.1%. The Global Dow and the Nasdaq dipped 0.3% and 0.2%, respectively. The S&P 500 ended the day flat. The 10-year Treasury yield fell to 4.25%. Crude oil prices increased to $81.40 per barrel. Gold prices inched up, but the dollar pulled back slightly.
Last Week’s Economic News
Retail sales surged 0.7% in July from the previous month the fastest pace since January and have increased 3.2% since July 2022. Retail trade sales advanced 0.6% from June and 2.0% from July 2022. Nonstore (online) retail sales increased 1.9% from June and 10.3% from July 2022, while sales at food services and drinking places were up 1.4% from June and 11.9% higher than last year. Other retailers that outperformed last month include sporting goods, hobby, musical instrument, and book stores (1.5%); clothing & clothing accessories stores (1.0%); and department stores (0.9%). Retailers that showed weakness in July (and tend to be sensitive to high interest rates) include furniture & home furnishing stores (-1.8%); electronics and appliance stores (-1.3%); and auto dealers (-0.4%).
Prices for U.S. imports rose 0.4% in July after falling 0.1% the previous month. Despite the July increase, which was driven by higher fuel prices, U.S. import prices declined 4.4% over the past 12 months, after increasing 8.8% from July 2021 to July 2022. Export prices increased 0.7% in July, following a 0.7% decline in June. Even though July saw the largest monthly advance since June 2022,U.S. export prices have fallen 7.9% over the last 12 months.
The number of residential building permits issued in July increased 0.1% from the June total and is 13.0% below the July 2022 figure. Issued building permits for single-family housing increased 0.6% in July to an annual rate of 930,000 units, the highest level in more than a year. Permits for housing projects with five units or more fell 0.2% last month and were 32.2% below the level in July 2022. Housing starts increased 3.9% last month and were 5.9% above the total from a year earlier. Single-family housing starts in July were 6.7% above the prior month’s rate. Home completions dropped 11.8% in July from June and were 5.4% below the July 2022 total. Single-family home completions in July were 1.3% higher than June’s figure.
Industrial production rose 1.0% in July after falling in the two previous months. Manufacturing output and mining both climbed 0.5% in July after falling 0.5% and 0.9%, respectively, in June. Utilities shot up 5.4%, as hot weather spurred demand for cooling. Overall, total industrial production in July was 0.2% below last year’s level. Most major market groups recorded growth in July. Production of consumer goods led the pack with an increase of 1.4%, boosted by a 4.8% jump in the output of automotive products.
The national average retail price for regular gasoline was $3.850 per gallon on August 14, $0.022 per gallon higher than the prior week’s price but $0.088 less than a year ago. Also, as of August 14, the East Coast price decreased $0.026 to $3.711 per gallon; the Midwest price climbed $0.090 to $3.768 per gallon; the Gulf Coast price fell $0.038 to $3.415 per gallon; the Rocky Mountain price ticked up $0.010 to $3.954 per gallon; and the West Coast price advanced $0.074 to $4.759 per gallon.
For the week ended August 12, there were 239,000 new claims for unemployment insurance, a decrease of 11,000 from the previous week’s level, which was revised up by 2,000. According to the Department of Labor, the advance rate for insured unemployment claims for the week ended August 5 was 1.2%, an increase of 0.1% from the previous week’s rate. The advance number of those receiving unemployment insurance benefits during the week ended August 5 was 1,716,000, an increase of 32,000 from the previous week’s unrevised level. States and territories with the highest insured unemployment rates for the week ended July 29 were Puerto Rico (2.6%), New Jersey (2.5%), California (2.2%), Rhode Island (2.0%), Massachusetts (2.0%), Connecticut (1.9%), New York (1.9%), Oregon (1.9%), Pennsylvania (1.8%), and Minnesota (1.7%). The largest increases in initial claims for unemployment insurance for the week ended August 5 were in Ohio (+5,416), California (+2,363), Texas (+2,237), New Jersey (+1,622), and Connecticut (+1,288), while the largest decreases were in Missouri (-2,644), Florida (-410), Iowa (-335), Arkansas (-198), and Kentucky (-79).
Eye on the Week Ahead
Data on the housing sector for July is available this week. Sales of both new and existing homes declined in June due to rising mortgage rates and dwindling inventory. However, home prices have remained strong. Investors will also be looking for insight from the Federal Reserve’s Economic Symposium in Jackson Hole, where central bankers from around the world will meet to discuss the health of the global economy.
Key Dates/Data Releases
- 8/22: Existing home sales
- 8/23: New home sales
- 8/24: Durable goods orders
Scarlet Oak Financial Services can be reached at 800.871.1219 or contact us here. Click here to sign up for our weekly newsletter with the latest economic news.
Economic: Based on data from U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (unemployment, inflation);
U.S. Department of Commerce (GDP, corporate profits, retail sales, housing); S&P/Case-Shiller 20-City Composite Index (home prices); Institute for Supply Management (manufacturing/services). Performance: Based on data reported in WSJ Market Data Center (indexes); U.S. Treasury (Treasury yields); U.S. Energy Information Administration/Bloomberg.com Market Data (oil spot price, WTI, Cushing, OK); www.goldprice.org (spot gold/silver); Oanda/FX Street (currency exchange rates).
News items are based on reports from multiple commonly available international news sources (i.e., wire services) and are independently verified when necessary with secondary sources such as government agencies, corporate press releases, or trade organizations. All information is based on sources deemed reliable, but no warranty or guarantee is made as to its accuracy or completeness. Neither the information nor any opinion expressed herein constitutes a solicitation for the purchase or sale of any securities, and should not be relied on as financial advice. Forecasts are based on current conditions, subject to change, and may not come to pass. U.S. Treasury securities are guaranteed by the federal government as to the timely payment of principal and interest. The principal value of Treasury securities and other bonds fluctuates with market conditions. Bonds are subject to inflation, interest-rate, and credit risks. As interest rates rise, bond prices typically fall. A bond sold or redeemed prior to maturity may be subject to loss. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. All investing involves risk, including the potential loss of principal, and there can be no guarantee that any investing strategy will be successful.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) is a price-weighted index composed of 30 widely traded blue-chip U.S. common stocks. The S&P 500 is a market-cap weighted index composed of the common stocks of 500 largest, publicly traded companies in leading industries of the U.S. economy. The NASDAQ Composite Index is a market-value weighted index of all common stocks listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange. The Russell 2000 is a market-cap weighted index composed of 2,000 U.S. small-cap common stocks. The Global Dow is an equally weighted index of 150 widely traded blue-chip common stocks worldwide. The U.S. Dollar Index is a geometrically weighted index of the value of the U.S. dollar relative to six foreign currencies. Market indexes listed are unmanaged and are not available for direct investment.
Broadridge Investor Communication Solutions, Inc. prepared this material for use by Scarlet Oak Financial Services.
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